Prefecture of Kavala: Economy
The prominent location of the city of Kavala in Kavala bay favoured its development and further prosperity. It is the commercial and industrial centre of east Macedonia with the fertilizer factories in Nea Karvali. Moreover, the size of the port and the relatively spacious marina in the city centre, along with the port of Nea Peramos and the marina in Nea Heraclitsa, contribute to the commercial and touristic development of the region. From the large fish pier in Kavala fish is exported and traded in markets throughout Greece and abroad. The discovery of oil in the deposits of Prinos in Thassos boosted the economy of the region. New drillings may discover new deposits. Kavala Oil, the only refinery in Greece that extracts and de-sulphurises oil, operates in Kavala, as well as the only Phosphoric Fertiliser industry. Kavala has also an important position in the tertiary economy, as 40% of the workforce is employed in the service sector. In addition, in the industrial zone of the city there are marble industries.
In the plains people work mainly in agriculture, cultivating tobacco in particular, but also grains, rice, pulses, kiwi, cotton, grapes and vegetables. There are also olive groves, producing large quantities of olive oil, and vineyards. The cultivation of asparagus and rice thrive in the region of Chrysoupolis. The subsoil of the prefecture is rich in iron ore (in Thassos) and in marble (near the village Limnias). Both the industry of fertilizers and of phosphoric ammonium sulphate, as well as the industry of tobacco processing, contribute greatly to the economy of the prefecture. The finest local traditional products of the area are the salted preserves, kourampiedes from Karvali (shortbread), olive oil, wine, tsipouro, sweet fruit preserves and cheese. Tourism is an important source of income as many holidaymakers arrive in the area, mainly in Thassos.