The European Union's Institutions
The European Union is governed by five institutions:
- The Commission: the EU's executive organ
- The Parliament: the legislative organ of the Union
- The Council of Ministers
- The Court of Justice
- The Court of Auditors
The Union has been described as a supranational entity. The member states have delegated
part of their national sovereignty to the EU institutions.
The Union also operates according to the principle of "subsidiarity",
which characterizes most federal systems. Under this principle, the Union is
granted jurisdiction only for those policies that cannot be handled effectively
at lower levels of government, i.e., national, regional, or local.